The Power and Control Wheel Model was developed by Domestic Abuse Intervention Project (DAIP) began in 1980 as an initiative to reform the criminal justice system in Duluth, Minnesota. At that time, victims of domestic violence had little recourse when being assaulted by their intimate partners. Battering is one form of domestic or intimate partner violence.
It is characterized by the pattern of actions that an individual uses to intentionally control or dominate his intimate partner. That is why the words "power and control" are in the center of the wheel.
A batterer systematically uses threats, intimidation, and coercion to instill fear in his partner. These behaviors are the spokes of the wheel. Physical and sexual violence holds it all together—this violence is the rim of the wheel.
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